Low Blood Sugar

Low Blood Sugar

Low blood sugar is an undesirable complication at all, given what this reduction can cause to brain dysfunction if the decline is prolonged or not treated as quickly as required or fully.

Causes of low blood sugar?

There are several reasons for low blood sugar, including:

  1. The patient did not get his food (either main meals or snacks recommended between main meals).
  2. Gets meals too late or the meal did not contain enough starches.
  3. Make an additional physical effort without getting enough food n advance.
  4. Take an overdose of insulin or a diabetic pill
  5. Drink Alcoholic beverages.
  6. Take other medications with insulin or diabetes pills without consulting a physician.

Symptoms and signs of low blood sugar

  • Tremors or trembling
  • Sweating
  • paresthesias
  • Palpitation
  • Hunger
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Poor concentration
  • Abnormal behaviour
  • Loss of consciousness and coma
  • Fits

How to prevent low blood sugar

To protect yourself from the low blood sugar, you should:

  1. Frequent blood sugar monitoring.
  2. Take medication on schedule as advised by treating physician.
  3. Eat your food 15-30 minutes after taking the insulin or pill. Make sure you have three full meals and two snacks between full meals.  Make sure that your meals  include also bread, rice or biscuits.
  4. Always keep some quick-digesting sugars, such as a bottle of juice or some sugar cubes, in your refrigerator or in your pocket or in your car or office drawer. Try to take a snack with you so that you can eat it if there is any delay in your meal time.
  5. If you are treated with insulin and decided to do additional physical effort, reduce the dose of insulin as instructed by the doctor.
  6. Do not take any other drugs without consulting your doctor.
  7. Avoid drinking alcohol.

What is the treatment of falling sugar

1. Take fast-changing carbohydrates to glucose such as a glass of juice or half a pack of soft drink (not diet) or a teaspoon of honey or a glass of water dissolved in it   a tablespoon of sugar or Glucagon injection.

2. Recheck your blood sugar after 15 minutes.

3. Retake fast-changing carbohydrates until your blood sugar reaches more than 3.9 ml.

4. This should be followed by slow-moving sugars such as biscuits, sandwiches, or a grain of fruit to prevent the sugar from falling again.

5. Consider change of insulin dose if required.

Copyrights - Oman Diabetes Association © 2019 جميع الحقوق محفوظة - الجمعية العمانية لمرض السكري