FaQ

What resources are available to help me control my diabetes?

You can visit the nearest primary health care and get appointment with diabetologist there. Your local primary health care offers education and full support.  If your blood sugar is very high you can visit emergency in your regional hospital. You can review diabetes facts and diabetes education section in our web as well.

What can our government do for control and prevention of diabetes?

Recognize that diabetes is an important public health and development problem.

Create public awareness about diet and physical activity through the mass media and other means.

Create an enabling environment to promote physical activity, such as walking and playing spaces, adequate public transport, and sports, fitness and recreational facilities.

Improve the availability of and accessibility to healthy and nutritious food through appropriate policies, including fiscal and legislative measures to promote intake of vegetables, fruits and whole grains, and reduce the consumption of unhealthy food and beverages.

Take necessary action to reduce unhealthy behaviours such as smoking and harmful use of alcohol.

Increase access to early detection and treatment of diabetes by increasing access to testing and affordable antidiabetic medicines, including insulin.

I know that diabetes education is important. What is it and how do I access it?

Diabetes educators can help you and your family understand and manage your diabetes. They are an integral part of the health-care team for a person living with diabetes. They can help you understand your condition and provide helpful tools. With their help, you can develop the skills and confidence to manage your diabetes and live a healthy life. You can find a diabetes educator or diabetes education at primary health care, polyclinics or regional hospitals. You can review also section about diabetes facts in our web.

I have just been recently diagnosed, what should I do?

It depends How high your blood sugar is? If it is quite high, kindly visit  emergency  department in your regional hospital. If it is mildly elevated, kindly, visit the nearest primary health care and get appointment with diabetologist there.

I got diabetes few months back and I got treatment from the private sector, how can I get my medication from the governmental sector?

You can visit the nearest primary health care for  full support of your  diabetes and supplies of  medications.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

Diabetes can be diagnosed with different blood tests taken at a lab. Many people have no symptoms of diabetes. If you are over the age of 40 or are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, you should have you blood sugar checked. For information on the signs and symptoms and the lab values that indicate diabetes, visit Signs & Symptoms.

What are symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore?

Most aches and pains aren’t a sign of something serious, but certain symptoms should be checked out. See a doctor if you feel any of these things:
Weakness or numbness in Your Arms, face or Legs, have trouble walking, or have problems speaking or understanding . It can be a sign of a stroke, especially if it’s on one side of your body. You could also be having a stroke if you can’t keep your balance, feel dizzy, get a bad headache, or feel confused.
Any chest pain, especially accompanied by sweating, pressure, shortness of breath, or nausea, should be evaluated by a medical professional right away. Chest pain or pressure can be a sign of heart disease or a heart attack, particularly if you feel it during exertion or while being active. Or, chest pain may mean problems other than with your heart; for example, you have another serious condition, such as a blood clot moving into your lung.
Pain in the Back of Your Lower Leg as it can be a symptom of a blood clot in your leg. It’s called deep vein thrombosis, or DVT. It can happen after you’ve been sitting for a long time, like on a long plane ride, or if you’re sick and have been in bed a long time.

Are artificial sweeteners safe?

Each artificial sweetener available has an ADI, or acceptable daily intake level. Artificial sweeteners are safe if you drink/eat less than this amount. Women who are pregnant or planning a pregnancy should avoid certain artificial sweeteners.

My doctor just put me on insulin. Does this mean I have poor diabetes control/poor health?

Many people with diabetes will eventually need insulin because it is a progressive disease. This means that over time your body may need extra help to meet targets and prevent or delay complications. There are many different types of insulin and your diabetes care team will help you figure out the best one for you. However, insulin can be stopped and replaced by tablets after control of  blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes who have presented with very high blood sugar, and in whom insulin was advised.

Is diabetes reversible?

Most people with diabetes will have it for the rest of their life or until there is a cure. Even if diabetes cannot be reversed, it can definitely be managed to prevent or delay complications. You can do this by keeping your blood glucose (sugar), blood pressure and cholesterol in target. Physical activity and nutrition are great ways of meeting these targets. Medication can also help.

Why is it important to go for regular check-ups?

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be so mild that it may not be noticed for years, and therefore remains untreated. This may lead to complications. As one cannot always rely on symptoms, the only way to know whether one has diabetes is to be screened (tested) for it. Screening for diabetes is done in a doctor’s office, clinic or laboratory under the supervision of a health-care provider. The health-care provider may do one or several blood tests to look for diabetes. High-risk individuals should be screened for diabetes at regular intervals, beginning at the age of 35 years.

How do patients with diabetes know that their disease is well controlled?

A glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) test accurately assesses how well the blood glucose has been controlled over a period of 2–3 months. For non-diabetic individuals, the normal HbA1c level is usually below 5.6%. In people with diabetes, an HbA1c level below 7.0% indicates good control.

Can the complications of diabetes be prevented?

The good news is that the complications of diabetes can be prevented by doing the following important things:

Take medicines regularly as prescribed by the health-care provider.

Keep a track of the blood sugar level by going for regular tests and check-ups.

Eat healthy – more vegetables and fruit, less fatty, sugary and salty food. Stay physically active.

Stay alert for skin infections and skin disorders.

Go for regular eye check-ups.

Watch for any tingling, burning, loss of sensation, and wounds on the bottom of the feet.

Talk to the health-care provider and discuss how to avoid complications and how to deal with these if one already has some complication.

Why is foot care so important when people have diabetes?

Diabetes may cause nerve damage or decreased blood flow which can affect your feet in different ways. Checking your feet every day is one way to avoid foot problems. To prevent foot complications, individuals with diabetes should check regularly for various foot conditions, such as bleeding corns and calluses, blisters, ingrowing toenails, dry and cracked skin, redness, swelling, warmth, pain over the legs, slow healing of wounds, and loss of sensation.

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